Pubmed new abstracts: May 2011 [all links open in a new window]
- Acupuncture for the prevention of radiation-induced xerostomia in patients with head and neck cancer.
Braga Fdo P, Lemos Junior CA, Alves FA, Migliari DA
Braz Oral Res. 2011 Apr;25(2):180-5
- [Observation of therapeutic effect on post stroke depression treated by differentiation of spleen and stomach].
Nie RR, Huang CH, Fu WB
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2011 Apr;31(4):325-8. Chinese
- [Randomized controlled study on chronic functional constipation treated with grain-shaped moxibustion and acupuncture].
Wang LJ, Wang LL
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2011 Apr;31(4):320-4. Chinese
- [Preliminary comparison on the time-effect rule of pain-relieving in the treatment of moderate dysmenorrhea between acupuncture on single-point and acupuncture on multi-point].
Chen SZ, Cong Q, Zhang BF
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2011 Apr;31(4):305-8. Chinese
- [Acupuncture and moxibustion for peripheral facial palsy at different stages: multi-central large-sample randomized controlled trial].
Li Y, Li Y, Liu LA, Zhao L, Hu KM, Wu X, Chen XQ, Li GP, Mang LL, Qi QH
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2011 Apr;31(4):289-93. Chinese
- Systematic review on randomized controlled clinical trials of acupuncture therapy for neurovascular headache.
Zhao L, Guo Y, Wang W, Yan LJ
Chin J Integr Med. 2011 Apr 26
- Acupuncture for treating attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Lee MS, Choi TY, Kim JI, Kim L, Ernst E
Chin J Integr Med. 2011 Apr;17(4):257-60. Epub 2011 Apr 21
- Acupuncture for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents.
Li S, Yu B, Zhou D, He C, Kang L, Wang X, Jiang S, Chen X
Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011 Apr 13;4:CD007839. Review
- A Randomized Trial Comparing Acupuncture and Simulated Acupuncture, for Sub-acute and Chronic Whiplash.
Cameron ID, Wang E, Sindhusake D
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 Apr 7
- Acupuncture and massage therapy for neuropathic pain following spinal cord injury: an exploratory study.
Norrbrink C, Lundeberg T
Acupunct Med. 2011 Apr 6
- Meta-analysis of scalp acupuncture for acute hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage.
Zheng GQ, Zhao ZM, Wang Y, Gu Y, Li Y, Chen XM, Fu SP, Shen J
J Altern Complement Med. 2011 Apr;17(4):293-9. Epub 2011 Mar 27
- The use of acupuncture for managing gynaecologic conditions: An overview of systematic reviews.
Kang HS, Jeong D, Kim DI, Lee MS
Maturitas. 2011 Apr;68(4):346-54. Epub 2011 Mar 3
- Acupuncture for treating temporomandibular joint disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized, sham-controlled trials.
Jung A, Shin BC, Lee MS, Sim H, Ernst E
J Dent. 2011 May;39(5):341-50. Epub 2011 Feb 25
- Acupuncture to Danzhong but not to Zhongting increases the cardiac vagal component of heart rate variability.
Kurono Y, Minagawa M, Ishigami T, Yamada A, Kakamu T, Hayano J
Auton Neurosci. 2011 Apr 26;161(1-2):116-20. Epub 2011 Jan 7
- Acupuncture for the alleviation of hot flashes in men treated with androgen ablation therapy.
Ashamalla H, Jiang ML, Guirguis A, Peluso F, Ashamalla M
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2011 Apr 1;79(5):1358-63. Epub 2010 Jun 3
DISCLAIMER: OCCASIONALLY DIRECT LINKS TO ARTICLES EXPIRE.
- Yu J. Kizhakkeveettil A.
Acupuncture for the management of pediatric atopic, dermatitis: Case reports
Medical Acupuncture. 23 (1) (pp 53-56), 2011.Date of Publication: 01 Mar 2011
Background : The prevalence of atopic dermatitis, a chronic disease characterized by itchy and inflamed skin, has significantly increased in developed countries during the past several decades, including up to 20% of children. There has been significant interest in acupuncture as a treatment for atopic dermatitis.
Objective : To report the effectiveness of acupuncture for treating atopic dermatitis in children.
Design, Setting and Patients : Two girls (ages 8 and 11 years) presented with dry erythematous and pruritic patches mainly in creases of the body, such as elbow and knee and behind the earlobes. They were diagnosed with atopic dermatitis by their pediatrician. The 11-year-old patient started treatment during April 2001, and the 8-year-old started treatment during May 2001. Both patients were treated in California.
Intervention: Acupuncture points CV 12, ST 36, TE 5, LI 11, LU 7, ST 40, SP 9, and KI 3 were needled. Needles were retained for 15 minutes after the arrival of Qi. Treatments were administered for 12 sessions.
Main Outcome Measure : Subjective reporting of improvement in rashes and itching.
Results : Both patients' rashes gradually decreased and there were no signs of recurrent itching. Symptoms disappeared after the 12 acupuncture sessions. No recurrences were reported up to 18 months later. As a result, the patients' general quality of life has also improved.
Conclusions: Acupuncture treatment was effective in treating atopic dermatitis in 2 children. Our findings should prompt quantitative studies to support the role of acupuncture in the management of pediatric atopic dermatitis.
Copyright 2011, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
- Huang T. Zhang W. Huang X. Tian Y. Wang G. Zhang Y. Wang L. Litscher G.
Comparing the efficacy of traditional fire-cupping and high-tech vacuum-cupping using laser doppler imaging at an acupuncture clinic in Beijing
Medical Acupuncture. 23 (1) (pp 13-18), 2011. Date of Publication: 01 Mar 2011
Background/Objective : The goal of this study was to investigate and compare the effects of fire-cupping and vacuum-cupping, by evaluating local blood perfusion using laser Doppler perfusion imaging (LDPI).
Subjects : Ten females and 3 males (mean age+/-standard deviation 35.5+/-9.1 years) were enrolled in the experiment.
Intervention : Using specially developed jars with manometers, each of the volunteers was given traditional fire-cupping on one side of the back first, and the pressure in the jars was measured. Then vacuum-cupping was applied on the other side of the back and the pressure was adjusted to that of the fire-cupping jars. Both jars stayed on each subject's back for 5 minutes. Changes of local capillary perfusion of the body surface were observed with LDPI before applying the jars, immediately after removal of the jars, and 8 minutes and 21 minutes following removal of the jars.
Results : Elevation of local blood perfusion with vacuum-cupping was of longer duration and more pronounced than that of traditional fire-cupping, but for both methods, the instant efficacy was nearly the same.
Conclusions : LDPI is a useful method for evaluating cupping effects. Although Chinese patients generally still prefer the traditional method of fire-cupping, the new vacuum-cupping method can enable a more standardized and faster procedure in future.
Copyright 2011, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
- De Carvalho A.O. Cabral L. Rubini E.
Acupuncture improves flexibility: Acute effect of acupuncture before a static stretch of hip adductors
Medical Acupuncture. 23 (1) (pp 27-33), 2011. Date of Publication: 01 Mar 2011
Background : Acupuncture has been used for many years to treat illnesses and seems to have benefits when combined with other interventions such as exercise, although little investigation has been done of this relationship.
Objective : The aim of this study was to investigate the acute effect of acupuncture on the maximum range of motion of hip abduction.
Design, Setting, and Subjects : This study was a randomized controlled trial carried out on 44 healthy and untrained undergraduate students at a university located in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Intervention : Subjects were randomly assigned to four groups and received one session of acupuncture treatment, followed by four sets of static stretches of the hip abductors. Group 1 (G1) participants were treated with acupuncture in five points (acupoints), followed by stretching of the hip abductors (n=10). Group 2 (G2) was given the acupuncture treatment in the adductor magnus muscle (no-acupoints), also followed by stretching of the hip abductors (n=12). Group 3 (G3), the control group, was given a placebo acupuncture treatment succeeded by stretching of the hip abductors (n=10). Group 4 (G4) received treatment of just the acupoints, with no stretching (n=12).
Main Outcome Measure : Maximum range of motion of hip abduction was evaluated with a flexometer before and after intervention.
Results : There was a significant increase in the amplitude of hip abduction when measures before and after the intervention were compared in G1 (P=0.007; confidence interval [CI] 95%,=-7.46 to -1.54) and G2 (P=0.009; CI95%=-13.14 to -2.36). There was no significant difference in the comparison between groups (P=0.399).
Conclusions : The results have demonstrated that the accomplishment of an acupuncture application in acupoints and no-acupoints before exercises of static stretching can generate an acute significant increase on hip range of motion.
Copyright 2011, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
- Niemtzow R.C.
Acupuncture: Where are the data?
Medical Acupuncture. 23 (1) (pp 1), 2011. Date of Publication: 01 Mar 2011
- Wang D. Yang W. Liu M.
Acupuncture for neurological disorders in the Cochrane reviews: Characteristics of included reviews and studies
Neural Regeneration Research. 6 (6) (pp 440-443), 2011. Date of Publication: 2011
Objective : To summarize Cochrane reviews of acupuncture for neurological disorders, and characteristics of included reviews and studies.
Data sources : A computer-based online search of the Cochrane Library (Issue 7 of 12, Jul 2010) was performed with the key word "acupuncture" and systematic evaluations for acupuncture for neurological disorders were screened.
Study selection : Systematic reviews on acupuncture in the treatment of neurological disorders were included, and the characteristics of these reviews were analyzed based on methods recommended by the Cochrane collaboration.
Main outcome measures : Basic characteristics, methodological quality, main reasons for excluding trials, results and conclusions of Cochrane reviews were assessed.
Results : A total of 18 Cochrane systematic reviews were included, including 13 completed reviews and five research protocols. The 13 completed reviews involved 111 randomized controlled trials, including 43 trials (38.7%) conducted in China, 47 trials (42.3%) using sham-acupuncture or placebo as control, 15 trials (13.5%) with relatively high quality, 91 trials (81.9%) reporting data on follow-up. Primary outcomes used in the Cochrane reviews were reported by 65 trials (58.6%), and adverse events were reported in 11 trials (9.9%). Two hundred and eighty three trials were excluded. Two reviews on headache suggested that acupuncture is a valuable non-drug treatment for patients with chronic or recurrent headache, and has better curative effects on migraine compared with preventative drug treatment.
Conclusion : Of the Cochrane reviews on acupuncture in the treatment of neurological disorders, two reviews evaluating the efficacy of acupuncture in treating headaches drew positive conculsions, while other reviews did not obtain positive conclusions due to a small sample size or low methodological quality. The methodological quality of acupuncture trials needs further improvement.
- Ahn C.-B. Lee S.-J. Lee J.-C. Fossion J.P.J. Sant'Ana A.
A Clinical Pilot Study Comparing Traditional Acupuncture to Combined Acupuncture for Treating Headache, Trigeminal Neuralgia and Retro-auricular Pain in Facial Palsy
JAMS Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies. 4 (1) (pp 29-43), 2011
Date of Publication: March 2011
Traditional acupuncture (TA) and ear acupuncture (EA) are used for treatment of headache, trigeminal neuralgia, and retro-auricular pain. The purpose of this study is to develop effective treatment using combined acupuncture (CA) which consists of TA and EA and to set clinical protocols for future trials. Participants were divided into TA (n = 15) control and CA (n = 34) experimental groups. Obligatory points among Korean Five Element Acupuncture and optional individual points along with symptom points were used in the TA group. The CA group was exposed to ear points of Fossion and TA. Acupuncture treatment consisted of six mandatory sessions per patient over 3 weeks and extended to 12 sessions. Pain was assessed using the visual analogue scale. We compared TA to CA and researched their relevant publications. No significant difference was observed between the two groups (p = 0.968) which showed pain-alleviating tendency. Pain alleviation was significantly different after the fifth and sixth sessions (p = 0.021, p = 0.025), with headache being the most significantly relieved (F = 4.399, p = 0.018) among the diseases. When assessing pain intensity, both the Headache Impact Test and the Migraine Disability Assessment Scale should be adopted for headache and the fractal electroencephalography method be used in pain diseases. In the future, studies should consist of TA, EA, and CA groups; each group having 20 patients. Treatment number should to be no less than 10 sessions. Korean Five Element Acupuncture should be a compulsory inclusion along with individual points being optional inclusion in TA. EA could be selected from Nogier, Fossion and so forth. In conclusion, acupuncture treatment, whether TA or CA, showed pain alleviation in headache, trigeminal neuralgia, and retro-auricular pain, but no significant difference was seen between groups. Prospective, well-controlled, and relevant protocols using multimodal strategies to define the role of TA, EA, and CA are needed. 2011 Korean Pharmacopuncture Institute.
- Zhao L. Guo Y. Xiong J. Wang W. Du Y. Yan L.
Clinical effects of acupuncture therapy for vascular dementia
Neural Regeneration Research.6 (3) (pp 193-199), 2011. Date of Publication: January 2011
Objective : To evaluate clinical acupuncture treatment studies for vascular dementia, as well as to collect high-quality evidence related to clinical acupuncture treatment for clinical diagnosis.
Data sources : PubMed database (1966-2010), Embase database (1986-2010), Cochrane Library (Issue 1, 2010), Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (1979-2010), China HowNet database (1979-2010), VIP Journals Database (1989-2010), and Wanfang database (1998-2010) were analyzed by computer.
Data selection : Any form of acupuncture (needles, electro-acupuncture, laser acupuncture, pointer, or ear acupuncture), as well as blank, placebo, Western medicine, acupuncture therapy combined with other therapies, and randomized or quasi-randomized controlled studies were included. The priority was given to high-quality randomized, controlled trials. Data were independently extracted from two reviewers and cross-checked in accordance with high to low standards utilizing evidence-based medicine to answer five relevant clinical questions. Statistical outcome indicators were measured using RevMan 5.0.20 software, such as overall function, Hasegawa Dementia Scale score, Functional Activities Questionnaire score, Mini Mental State Examination, and efficacy of daily living activities.
Main outcome measures : The present study assessed standards of efficacy, including Hasegawa Dementia Scale score, Functional Activities Questionnaire score, Mini Mental State Examination, and efficacy of daily living activities.
Results : A total of 11 articles were included, including one with systematic reviews/meta-analysis, one with Cochrane A level, eight with Cochrane B level, and one with Cochrane C level evidence. Acupuncture resulting in improved overall function and cognitive function was superior than Western medicine. A system evaluation showed the following: weighted mean difference (WMD) = 5.64, 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.87-11.09, P < 0.01; WMD = 6.07, 95% CI: 3.76-8.38, P < 0.01. Two articles with Class B evidences revealed efficacy at different aspects of acupuncture and moxibustion, which was superior to the conventional body acupuncture group (risk ratio (RR) = 0.03, 95% CI: 0.01-0.18, P < 0.01; RR = 0.05, 95% CI: 0.07-0.13, P < 0.05). One A-level evidence study demonstrated that acupuncture improved mental state, daily living activities, and efficacy and effect of cognitive aspects, which was superior to the drug group [cognitive effects (RR = 5.92, 95% CI: 2.66-13.16, P < 0.01); activities of daily living efficacy (RR = 3.00, 95% CI: 1.57-5.75, P < 0.01)]. The Mini Mental State Examination score resulted in the following: WMD = 3.85, 95% CI: 1.63-6.07, P < 0.01. One B-grade evidence article revealed that laser irradiation combined with electro-acupuncture was more effective than simple drug treatment (RR = 10.43, 95% CI: 1.22-89.46, P < 0.05).
Conclusion : The inclusion of limited clinical studies has verified the efficacy of acupuncture in vascular dementia treatment. Acupuncture or its combination with Chinese herbs provides certain advantages, but most clinical studies have a small sample size. Large sample size, randomized, controlled trials are needed in the future for more definitive results.
- Benner S. Benner K.
Improved performance in endurance sports through acupuncture
Sportverletzung-Sportschaden. 24 (3) (pp 140-143), 2010. Date of Publication: 2010
In many years of experience in treating athletes with acupuncture, I often had the impression that athletes in endurance sports showed improved performances after such treatments. In order to scientifically verify these impressions, I performed a field test with three groups of runners of different performance levels preparing for a marathon. The first group was given acupuncture, the second a placebo, with the third being the control group. After their maximum pulse rates were recorded, the runners were asked to run 5000m four times in 4 weeks at 75 % of their maximum pulse rate. Their pulse rates were measured for each runner at the finish of the run, and subsequently, one, two and five minutes after the run. Based on these data, the complexity factor (running time multiplied by the respective pulse rate) was calculated for all four recorded pulse rates for each run and each runner. All groups showed statistically significant enhancements in their running times and their complexity factors, but in the case of the runners treated with acupuncture, the improvements were highly significant. Therefore, the field test proves that acupuncture has a significant impact on the performance of the athletes in endurance sports.G eorg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart - New York.
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